Intangible Assets

By | March 5, 2019


Section 197 intangibles do not include any fees for professional services and any transaction costs incurred by parties to a transaction in which all or any portion of the gain or loss is not recognized under part III of subchapter C of the Internal Revenue Code. Going concern value is the additional value that attaches to property by reason of its existence as an integral part of an ongoing business activity. Going concern value includes the value attributable to the ability of a trade or business to continue functioning or generating income without interruption notwithstanding a change in ownership, but does not include any of the intangibles described in any other provision of this paragraph . It also includes the value that is attributable to the immediate use or availability of an acquired trade or business, such as, for example, the use of the revenues or net earnings that otherwise would not be received during any period if the acquired trade or business were not available or operational.


A section 197 intangible is not a self-created intangible to the extent that it results from the entry into a contract for the use of an existing section 197 intangible. Thus, for example, the exception for self-created intangibles does not apply to capitalized costs, such as legal and other professional fees, incurred by a licensee in connection with the entry into a contract for the use of know-how or similar property.

Amortization of Intangible Assets

He decides to purchase a license to be able to use the program for one year by paying $2,400 cash. This is called a “license agreement” and is an intangible asset. GAAP, research and development costs must be expensed as incurred. Companies often delay making cash payments for purchases for years. If interest is calculated and paid in the interim, the purchase price and the interest are easy to differentiate. However, if no interest payments are specified, a present value computation is made to separate the amount paid for the asset from the interest. The resulting amount is recognized initially for both the asset and liability.

  • On 1 October 20X6, Plateau Co sold an item of plant to Savannah Co at its agreed fair value of $2.5m.
  • It concerns brand reputation, intellectual property, and customer loyalty.
  • However, the reported amount for these assets is not raised to fair value.
  • The amount of any stated settlement provisions in the contract available to the counterparty to whom the contract is unfavorable.

Acquiring entities usually integrate acquired entities into their operations, and thus the acquirers’ expectations of benefits from the resulting synergies usually are reflected in the premium that they pay to acquire those entities. However, the transaction-based approach to accounting for goodwill under Opinion 17 treated the acquired entity as if it remained a stand-alone entity rather than being integrated with the acquiring entity; as a result, the portion of the premium related to expected synergies was not accounted for appropriately.

Capital Assets

The $1-billion 11 4 Describe Accounting For Intangible Assets And Record Related Transactions would then be written off over a number of years via amortization. Indefinite life intangible assets, such as goodwill, are not amortized. Rather, these assets are assessed each year for impairment, which is when the carrying value exceeds the asset’s fair value. For example, a business may create a mailing list of clients or establish a patent. If a business creates an intangible asset, it can write off the expenses from the process, such as filing the patent application, hiring a lawyer, and paying other related costs. Understand that intangible assets are becoming more important to businesses and, hence, are gaining increased attention in financial accounting.


Any mischaracterization of usage is not proper GAAP and is not proper accrual accounting. The net effect of the differences in straight-line depreciation versus double-declining-balance depreciation is that under the double-declining-balance method, the allowable depreciation expenses are greater in the earlier years than those allowed for straight-line depreciation. However, over the depreciable life of the asset, the total depreciation expense taken will be the same, no matter which method the entity chooses. For example, in the current example both straight-line and double-declining-balance depreciation will provide a total depreciation expense of $48,000 over its five-year depreciable life. Depreciation records an expense for the value of an asset consumed and removes that portion of the asset from the balance sheet.


The staff noted that the results of the survey indicated that there was diversity in practice as to the accounting and reporting for intangible assets, which indicates the need for guidance in this area. The Board also tentatively concluded that accounting policy disclosures similar to those required for capital assets in paragraph 115 of Statement 34 should be required for noncapital intangible assets. In June 2004, the Governmental Accounting and Auditing Committee of the California Society of CPAs formally requested that the Board address the issue of how the fair value of donated easements should be determined, citing concern over the divergence in practice occurring in California. GASAC did not support moving a specific project on easements ahead of the intangible assets project on the technical agenda. GL accounts that are used for various postings of assets are automatically derived based on backend configuration in Umoja. Such GL accounts are derived based on the ‘account determination’ IDs that are linked to various asset classes. In other words, each Umoja Asset Class is linked to a unique account determination ID that in turn links to a set of GL accounts pertaining to that asset class.

  • Thus, for example, section 197 does not apply to the cost of an interest in computer software to the extent such cost is included, without being separately stated, in the cost of the hardware or other tangible property and is consistently treated as part of the cost of the hardware or other tangible property.
  • Record the journal entries to record interest expense and amortization expense on 12/31/X2, 12/31/X3, 12/31/X4, and 12/31/X5.
  • An interest under an existing indebtedness includes mortgage servicing rights, however, to the extent the rights are stripped coupons under section 1286.
  • For example, a company purchases an asset with a total cost of $58,000, a five-year useful life, and a salvage value of $10,000.
  • For example, if we want to increase investment in real estate, shortening the economic lives of real estate for taxation calculations can have a positive increasing effect on new construction.
  • For purposes of applying the loss disallowance rules of section 197 and paragraph of this section, new T’s loss is $2 (new T’s adjusted basis in the section 197 intangible immediately before the disposition ($12) less the ceding commission ($10)).

The provisions of this Statement will not be applicable to goodwill and other intangible assets arising from combinations between mutual enterprises or to not-for-profit organizations until the Board completes its deliberations with respect to application of the purchase method by those entities. Previous standards provided little guidance about how to determine and measure goodwill impairment; as a result, the accounting for goodwill impairments was not consistent and not comparable and yielded information of questionable usefulness. This Statement provides specific guidance for testing goodwill for impairment. Goodwill will be tested for impairment at least annually using a two-step process that begins with an estimation of the fair value of a reporting unit.

At 31 December 20X4, Fifer Co has determined that goodwill is impaired by 10%. Impairment arises after the acquisition and reflects some form of decline in the expected benefit to be derived from the subsidiary. As mentioned earlier, there is no amortisation of this figure, so the parent must assess each year whether there are indicators that the goodwill is impaired. There are two potential ways that the fair value method will arise in the FR exam. The fair value of the non-controlling interest at acquisition may be directly given to candidates, or they may have to calculate the fair value by reference to the subsidiary’s share price. To do this, the candidate will simply have to multiply the number of shares held by the non-controlling interest by the subsidiary’s share price at the date of acquisition.

DUN & BRADSTREET HOLDINGS, INC. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-K) –

DUN & BRADSTREET HOLDINGS, INC. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (form 10-K).

Posted: Thu, 23 Feb 2023 22:58:07 GMT [source]

If an entity decides that the goodwill is impaired, it must be written down to its recoverable amount. Under the proportionate share of net assets method, the value of the non-controlling interest is simpler to calculate. This is done by calculating the net assets of the subsidiary at acquisition and multiplying this by the percentage owned by the non-controlling interest. As time elapses, the discount on the liability must be unwound as the payable date approaches.